© Sonia Fernandez

Corina Logan
Leverhulme Early Career Research Fellow
Department of Zoology
University of Cambridge
Twitter: @LoganCorina
Impactstory - ORCID

Publications + Full CV

100% open access journals (in the DOAJ) at publishers that keep profits inside academia
in the field of animal behavior and general science

Journal Article
Processing Charge
Registered Reports
License Articles selected for scientific validity not subjective impact Society-
Royal Society Open Science Free Yes Yes CC-BY Yes Yes Royal Society (non-profit)
PeerJ $399 (lifetime membership) Yes No CC-BY Yes No PeerJ (for-profit*)
eLife $2500 Yes No CC-BY No No eLife (non-profit)
Comparative Cognition and Behavior Reviews Free for authors^ No No CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0 Yes Yes The Comparative Cognition Society (non-profit)
PLOS (several journals) $1495-2900 No No CC-BY Some yes, others no No PLOS (non-profit)
ScienceOpen Research $400 or 800 Yes No CC-BY 4.0 Yes No ScienceOpen (for-profit*)
Biology Open $1495 No No CC-BY Yes No Company of Biologists (non-profit)

*These for-profit publishers a) have low or no article processing charges, and/or b) heavily invest profits in academia, and/or c) are working to modernize publishing infrastructure
^If institutions can pay, an APC of $1000 is requested
+Also offers Replication Reports

Don't see your favorite society journal on this list?
Ask them to switch their journal to 100% open access and an ethical publisher. Below is an email (updated with new information) I sent in February 2016 to ASAB council members and editors of the journal Animal Behaviour. Feel free to use it as a template to write to your societies.

- - -
Dear (fill in the blank),
I am writing to you because you are on the ASAB council and I want Animal Behaviour to change from their exploitative publisher (Elsevier) to an ethical publisher. I met with an ethical publisher last week and I am super excited that there is an opportunity like this so I thought that by sharing this information with you we might be able to create some change. Here is my thinking...

Large, publicly owned publishing companies make huge profits off of scientists by publishing our science and then selling it back to the university libraries at a massive profit (which primarily benefits stockholders). It is not in the best interest of the society, the scientists, the public, or the research to host journals at publishers who exploit these groups solely for their own profit and at the cost of everyone else. We as scientists and societies willingly allow ourselves to be exploited in this way. However, I have found at least one alternative to how we can get ourselves out of this predicament.

First, what does the ideal situation look like? If I were to publish according to my ethics, which are to publish at journals that have a fast and fair process and that make the science freely available to everyone, then I would only submit papers to 100% open-access journals such as PeerJ, elife, and Royal Society Open Science. This would exclude many society journals that I would like to support, and would willingly do so if they were not part of an exploitative process.

So I found a solution. I was at the Ethological Society conference in Gottingen 17-19 February and had many conversations with a vendor there: Copernicus Publications (http://publications.copernicus.org/). They publish 100% open access journals, and they charge a reasonable flat fee per page (50-69 EUR depending on submission format and peer review option) so the society can charge whatever they wish on top of this fee depending on how much money the society wants to make. Whatever profits are made from the journal are returned to the scientists and societies because Copernicus is a limited liability corporation that is owned by a non-profit organization. They are also flexible about article payments: they work with societies to offer discounts and waivers to researchers from developing countries as well as those who have run out of grant money by giving each journal a free pages budget.

They publish three journals that were previously published elsewhere: Archives Animal Breeding (institution owned: http://arch-anim-breed.fbn-dummerstorf.de), Fossil Record (museum owned: http://www.fossil-record.net), and Geographica Helvetica (society owned: http://www.geographica-helvetica.net). Copernicus was very flexible in accommodating how they wanted to make their transitions. For instance, Geographica Helvetica kept the print version of their journal by producing it on demand.

I have made contact with Dr Xenia van Edig who is the business developer at Copernicus. I told her about my quest for non-exploitative publishing processes and that I am trying to rally society journals into action (specifically the journals Ethology, Animal Behaviour, and Behavioral Ecology). If you are interested in discussing transitioning to Copernicus, you could contact her (email: xenia.van.edig@copernicus.org, phone: +49 551 90 03 39 18, they are based in Gottingen, Germany).

Other ethical publishing options include Ubiquity Press (http://www.ubiquitypress.com), which charges a flat fee per article or per page and then the journal can charge whatever they like on top of that to meet their financial goals. Additionally, some publishing options are practically free: eLife Continuum (https://elifesciences.org/elife-news/materials-publishers-elife-continuum) and Scholastica (https://scholasticahq.com). They are software that host journals online so it is super cheap per paper. Discrete Analysis, a math journal based in Cambridge, uses Scholastica and charges 10 GBP/article, but waives the fee because they have grants to cover these costs.

I have spoken with many researchers about how we are being exploited by publishers and all are frustrated. I think people are ready for a change and I am glad to have found a way forward. Let me know if you need any other information or help with rallying people behind this idea. I am writing to my other contacts at the journals Animal Behaviour, Behavioral Ecology, and Ethology in the hopes that among us we can create some change!

All my best,